Explain why operant conditioning is important to how people learn.

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Explain why operant conditioning is important to how people learn.

Explain why operant conditioning is important to how people learn. Posts must be 200 words. Thank you.
an unconditioned response. This situation is reflected in step 2 of Table 3-1. In step 3, you stop putting meat powder on the dog's tongue after sounding the buzzer. If the dog salivates at the reinforcement theory provides no explanation of the processes involved in storing, retrieving. using the lessons of past reinforcement. The model leaves us wondering how future behavior huzzer) Conti1ally sounding the buzzer withot offering the meat nowder will extinguish (remove) this response. Over time, the conditioned response gradually disappears. Through conditioning, a response to one stimulus ingly predict the various effects on future hehavior caused hy the consemiences of nast hehavior Skinner identified four types of consequences that can result from behavior: n be transferred to another, unrelated stimulus. 1. Positive reinforcement lit 2. Negative reinforcement tle attention. The noon whistle blows at the factory, and the worker's digestive juices begin to en flow. Sparks fly from the welding machine and your eyes blink, even though you are wearing goggles. As you will see later, this type of learning can affect the learning environment. Evtinction When behavior results in either positive or behavior will occur in similar future circumstances is increased. Positive reinforcement occurs when your behavior results in something desirable happening to you-either tangible (such gative reinforcement, the likelihood that the Reinforcement Theory Reinforcement theory is relatively simple on the surface but can be di tion, but its maior points are essential for understanding human behavior, The foundation for reinforcement theory comes from the work of E. L Thomdike Thorndike's law of effect states that behavior followed by satistygepe ESki Negative reinforcement occur when your behavior resulis in removing something you find be repeated, and behavior followed by annoying, frustrating, ing the behavior. For example, if you have a headache, take an aspirin, and the headache goes r unpleasant. This “good” outcome increases your likelihood repeat- the operant conditioning model and reinforcement theory 9sed this principle in developing The basic components of learning in operant conditioning are illustrated in Figure 3-2. A about taking the aspirin: its reinforcing power comes from its ability to remove the pain. Either way (response) That hehavior rsults in an outcome (consemuence) to the individal that is the environment or the person can provide reinforcement. For example, when a person receives his pay, the environment provides positive reinforcement (pay). When a person feels a sense of pnd Your behavior is punished when it results in something undesirable happening to you. Punishment decreases the likelihood of the response occurring in the future. Like reinforcement, administerad, In Figure 32 the on r bodia the punishment, However, when wo positive or negative. In the illustration, the man has seen a book of great interest (environmen- tal stimulus) while on the way to work. He purchases the book and reads it (response) while vironment provides stimuli that elicit behaviors and consequences that reinforce or punish them. In similar situations, the consequences of past behavior affect future behavior. How will the man in Figure 3-2 respond to books while walking in the near future? Operant learning do things that violate our personal values and beliefs, and therefore experience negative feelings, we are self-punishing that behavior. Punishment exists when you receive something unpleasant avoid reading and walking at the same time. A person's motivation (ie., direction, magnitude, and persistence of behavior), then, is a function of her reinforcement history. Unfortunately, ample you might buy books bya certain author because of the positive feelings you experience as you read them. However, while reading the last two books by this author, you did not experience those positive feelings. Therefore you stop buying this author's books. When a person's behavior Stimulus- Response Consequence likely to occur in the future, Figure 3-3 depicts the various types of behavioral consequences.

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Explain why operant conditioning is important to how people learn.

 

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Explain why operant conditioning is important to how people learn.

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